Please view the MindTap Video: Ethics in Action – Family Values: The Divorce and in a discussion board post respond to the following question:
Should autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, justice, fidelity or veracity most influence Gary’s guidance in this situation? Why?
Expert Solution Preview
Autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, justice, fidelity, and veracity are the principles of medical ethics that guide healthcare professionals in making complex decisions. In the given situation where Gary is seeking guidance regarding his family’s divorce, it is crucial to determine which principle should hold the most influence.
To begin with, autonomy refers to an individual’s right to make decisions regarding their own healthcare and personal life. In the context of Gary’s situation, autonomy would prioritize his ability to make choices that align with his own values and desires. However, autonomy should also be considered within the framework of legal and ethical boundaries, ensuring that Gary’s decision-making process is not detrimental to himself or others.
Nonmaleficence, on the other hand, emphasizes the duty of healthcare professionals to do no harm. In the case of Gary’s family, this principle would prioritize avoiding actions that will cause harm, physical or emotional, to any family member involved. The aim is to prevent or minimize any further distress or negative consequences resulting from the divorce.
Beneficence is the principle that focuses on promoting the well-being and best interests of the patient. Applying this principle to Gary’s situation would involve considering the actions that would result in the most positive outcomes for all individuals involved, especially with regards to their emotional and psychological well-being.
Justice encompasses fairness and equality, both in the distribution of resources and in the treatment of individuals. In the context of a divorce, justice would involve ensuring that the process is conducted equitably, with consideration for each family member’s rights and needs. It would also involve implementing a fair division of assets and responsibilities, taking into account the best interests of all parties.
Fidelity emphasizes the importance of keeping promises and being loyal to commitments. In Gary’s case, fidelity would involve honoring any agreements or commitments made during the divorce process, ensuring that promises are kept and that individuals can rely on each other’s actions and words.
Lastly, veracity relates to truthfulness and honesty. In this situation, Gary should strive to communicate openly and honestly with his family members, ensuring that information is conveyed accurately without deception or withholding vital details. Veracity promotes trust and fosters effective communication within the family unit.
In conclusion, all the principles of medical ethics – autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, justice, fidelity, and veracity – play essential roles in guiding Gary’s decision-making during his family’s divorce. However, in this particular situation, the principle that should hold the most influence would depend on the specific circumstances, values, and priorities of the individuals involved. It is crucial for Gary and any healthcare professionals providing guidance to consider all these principles in a balanced and comprehensive manner, ensuring that the ultimate outcome prioritizes the well-being and best interests of all family members.