In 2015, many countries adopted the Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). The 17 SGDs are set by the United Nations (UN) for completion in 2030. The SDGs tackle global inequality (including hunger, poverty, education, health and resource allocation). They recognise the inter-dependence of countries and the impact of humans on the environment. The goals need to be sustainable, so that interventions will continue well into the future. The SDGs form an international health agenda; however, there are challenges to implementing them in ‘real life’ and every country is unique. Some countries will struggle because of war or conflict, underdeveloped infrastructure or poor governance and other factors that influence the determinants of health.
You will write a argumentative essay on one low or lower- middle income country’s progress towards achieving SDG 6: “Ensure access to water and sanitation for all”, with a focus on either Target 1 or Target 2 (United Nations, n.d.)
SDG 6, Target 1: “By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all” OR
SDG 6, Target 2: “By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations “.
ESSAY QUESTION for Target 1: Can KENYA achieve equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all by 2030?